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WASHINGTON Cheap Nike Air Max 95 Womens , Sept. 3 (Xinhua) -- A European team on Thursday proposed a new explanation for why children growing up on farms are far better protected against asthma and allergies.

The protective effect may be created by a particular anti-inflammatory protein called A20, which the body produces upon contact with farm dust, according to the team, led by researchers from Belgium's Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) and Ghent University.

The findings, published in the leading journal Science, may represent a major step forward towards the development of an asthma vaccine.

For the study, the researchers first exposed mice to farm dust extract Cheap Nike Air Max 1 Womens , a bacterial component called endotoxin, every other day for two weeks.

They then presented these mice with allergy-driving house dust mites, which often cause asthma in people, finding that mice that had been regularly exposed to endotoxin did not develop allergic features, while control mice did.

Further research found that endotoxin exposure appears to have protected the mice by squashing the ability of the animals'lung epithelial cells to generate pro-inflammatory molecules, but this protective effect only worked in the presence of the A20 protein.

"When we inactivate the A20 protein in the mucous membrane of the lungs, farm dust is no longer able to reduce an allergic or asthmatic reaction Cheap Nike Air Max 97 Womens ," study author Professor Hamida Hammad of VIB and Ghent University said.

These findings were then tested in patients. The results showed that people suffering from allergies and asthma have a deficiency in the protective protein A20, explaining why they react to allergens so severely.

"Discovering how farm dust provides this type of protection has certainly put us on the right track towards developing an asthma vaccine and new allergy therapies," Hammad said. "However, several years of research are required still before they will be available to patients."

Some experts cautioned that the newly uncovered mechanism does not entirely explain the protective effect of farm life.

For example, it is commonly known that drinking raw cow's milk can provide protection against allergies, but that effect is unlikely to involve the lung epithelium, Gary Huffnagle of the University of Michigan Cheap Nike Air Max 90 Womens , Ann Arbor, told Science.

HOUSTON, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) -- When floodwaters from Hurricane Harvey began to inundate entire communities in the Houston area, Tara Cantieri surveyed her four-legged household that includes 11 dogs and cats.

If the waters rose much higher in her League City neighborhood, she would have to try to find a way to evacuate her dog and five cats, along with five kittens that she was fostering. She gathered up about a dozen bags to carry her pets out in if she needed to evacuate.

Cantieri was fortunate as the floodwaters didn't reach inside her home. But other Houston-area residents weren't so lucky. Many people escaped from their flooded homes with just a few belongings, and had to leave their pets behind.

The reason Cheap Nike Air Max Womens , they soon discovered, was that rescuers who arrived in boats to evacuate them would not allow animal cargo aboard. Losing a pet, Cantieri said, is beyond traumatic.

"Pets, to me, are family," said Cantieri Cheap Air Max 95 Womens , a clinical pharmacist who volunteers with the nonprofit Friendswood Animal Advocates, which supports rescue groups through donations, volunteering and fostering. "They are like your child. You have a connection with your pet, you love your pet and your pet shows you the love back."

"It's like leaving your child behind," she said. "If someone would say, 'You have to leave them (pets) behind,' then I would stay."

Hurricane Harvey caused many pets to be lost Cheap Air Max 1 Womens , left homeless, abandoned by families, or temporarily left for emergency housing with the three shelters in Galveston area - Bayou Animal Services, the League City Animal Shelter, and the Galveston Island Humane Society.

Meanwhile, the three shelters have combined efforts to open the Hurricane Harvey Animal Rescue Shelter at a former greyhound racing track in La Marque, about 40 miles south of Houston.

Teaming up to create a single location helps to accommodate animals and to assist with rehoming and care Cheap Air Max 97 Womens , a shelter official said.

"The Galveston Island Humane Society (GIHS) was very fortunate to have not received any damage due to the storm, and Galveston Island received little damage and most of it did not adversely affect our pets," said Caroline D. Pate, GIHS executive director. "We felt it was our opportunity to step forward and assist our fellow shelters in their time of need."

The Hurricane Harvey Animal Rescue Shelter houses about 90 dogs, along with 40 cats that will be transferred from another shelter, said shelter coordinator Casey Miller.

"We've all worked together to have a central location for everyone to come back and find their pets, so they're not traveling from shelter to shelter Cheap Air Max 90 Womens , especially with limited resources - not having gas and vehicles being damaged or ruined," she said. "We want to make it easy as we can to reunite the dogs and cats with their owners."

The animals arrived at the shelter in the days after the storm, and most endured the trauma of the high winds and floodwaters that came up fast, forcing their owners to flee to the safety of higher ground.

"They were either found or rescued by the different animal rescue groups that went in during the storm and picked them up from addresses," Miller said. "We also have owners who are coming in, realizing that they weren't expecting to have that much water in their homes."

The separation of the animals from their owners is traumatic for both the owners and pets.

"It is traumatic and we're seeing a lot of stressed animals," Miller said. "But we're doing the best we can to make it a home-like situation Cheap Air Max Womens , considering the circumstances. Everyone's (animals) are getting s. Football Jerseys Cheap   Authentic NHL Jerseys Wholesale   Baseball Jerseys Wholesale   Jerseys China   NHL Jerseys Wholesale   Baseball Jerseys From China   New NHL Jerseys From China   New NFL Jerseys From China   Nike NFL Jerseys Online   College Baseball Jerseys Cheap 

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